2 Ekspresi Gagasan dalam Past Perfect Tense – Pengertian, Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Tense – past perfect tense digunakan untuk menunjukkan suatu aksi di masa lampau yang masih berkaitan dengan suatu aksi lain sebelum dimasa lampau itu sendiri.

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Penggunaan Past Perfect Tense

Menceritakan sebuah tindakan yang sudah selesai sebelum tindakan lain di masa lalu

Rumus = had + past participle

Rumus Past Perfect Tense

Positif (+)

  • Subject + had + verb III + (past participle) + object

Negatif (-)

  • Subject + had + not + verb III + object

Tanya (?)

  • Had + subject + verb III + object ?

Contoh kalimat – Past Perfect tense:

They had been here before 1945 (+)
– mereka telah berada disini sebelum tahun 1945
They had not been here before 1945 (-)
– mereka belum berada disini sebelum tahun 1945
Had they been here before 1945 ? (?)
– apakah mereka telah berada disini sebelum 1945 ?

Look at these sentences taken from the reading text. Focus your attention on the verbs in italics.

  1. He had said he would marry the first woman who could see him.
  2. A chief lived in a village. His wife had died.
  3. Strong Wind himself heard them and knew that they had lied.
  4. Strong Wind’s sister was surprised because the girl had told the truth.
  5. Then Strong Wind’s sister knew that the girl could really see him. He had let her see him because she had told the truth.

The use of Past Perfect:

Completed Action Before Something in the Past

The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past.

Example: I had met the beautiful girl before I came to this city.

Duration before something in the Past (non-continuous verb)

The Past Perfect Tense can be used to show that something started in the past and continued up until another action in the past.

Example: By the time we finished our study, we had been in Malang for five years.

Task 1: Grammar Exercise

Read the following sentences and change the bracketed verbs into correct forms.

  1. My plane landed at 8 pm yesterday. I ________________ (ask) the hotel staff to pick me up at the airport.
  2. John ________________ (repair) many cars before he received his mechanic’s license.
  3. She ________________ (never see) jackfruit before she came to Indonesia.
  4. Marie _____________ (feel) bad about selling her car because she _________________ ( own) it for ten years.
  5. We ____________________ (understand) the movie because we ________________ (read) the book about it.
  6. Kamal ___________________ (study) about Germany before he _______________ (go) there for his university education.
  7. I did not have any money to buy food because I __________(loose) my wallet.
  8. Ahmad ______________ (never be) to Mecca before last week trip to Masjidil Haram.
  9. We could not get a hotel room last night because we ____________(not book) in advance.
  10. We were not welcome by the family because we _____________(not make) a telephone call telling them that we would come last night.

Complete the following sentences using the words in the box. If needed, you may change the parts of speech.

  • wind
  • warrior
  • sled
  • invisible
  • rope
  • gentle
  • jealous
  • rags
  • coals
  • remain
  • mean
  • bowstring
  • seated
  • tremble
  • fear
  1. The poor peasants wear ______________ every day.
  2. You may not feel______________ of somebody else’s wealth.
  3. Coming home, her ______________ body made us anxious to know what had happened.
  4. Remain ______________ although your name is called for hundred times.
  5. She is always ______________ to me. I don’t know why.
  6. The ______________ is elastic. It can stretch as long as 60 centimetres.
  7. She ______________ to speak in her father’s presence.
  8. The great, fearless ______________ fight for his beloved country.
  9. They used ______________ to pull the carts.
  10. The ______________ blew the young man’s hat.
  11. The ______________ hand help her solve the chronic problem.
  12. The ______________ was pulled by two dogs.
  13. The girl is ______________ and beautiful.


  • Bahasa Inggris SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas X, Kementerian Pendidikan dan kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, Kurikulum 2013 Edisi revisi 2017. 2017)
  • belajaringgris.net