Let’s Practice English’s Question Cause & Effect – this is example English question for cause and effect material in eleventh class vocational / senior high school grade in teaching learning English.

Read the following sentences. Decide if the words in bold are the cause or the effect. Write cause or effect on the line. Then, underline the “signal” word or phrase.

  1. Early man used weapons because they needed to find food.
  2. The glaciers began to melt; therefore, the land bridge between Asia and North America became flooded
  3. Because they wanted to learn about the different civilization that existed, archaeologists studied artifacts
  4. Early man slowly started to grow food, and as a result, their lives became easier
  5. My sister was very tried because she stayed up past night

Read the cause, write the effect, then write the complete sentence using signal words. The first one has been done for you

  1. Cause: it was very windy

Effect: all the flights were cancelled

Sentence: it was very windy; therefore all the flights were cancelled

  1. Cause: She ate too much

Effect: …

Sentence: …

  1. Cause: I ran out of money

Effect: …

Sentence: …

  1. Cause: he is afraid to fly

Effect: …

Sentence: …

  1. Cause: after the car accident

Effect: …

Sentence: …

Read the sentences and find the cause and effect. The first one has been done for you

  1. The milk spilled all over the floor, so Jane got a mop and cleaned it up.

Cause: milk spilled

Effect: Jane mopped

  1. Sit has planned a trip to her uncle’s house because she loves her cousins.

Cause: …

Effect: …

  1. The green house gases trap the heat in the air, so the Earth becomes warmer.

Cause: …

Effect: …

  1. Because the Sumatran tigers were almost extinct, the Indonesian government declared them as endangered species.

Cause: …

Effect: …

  1. Animals are becoming extinct because humans are moving into their habitats.

Cause: …

Effect: …

Complete the cause and effect transactional conversation given below. Use signal words like because, due to, so, therefore, the reason for, then, etc.

  1. This conversation between two friends is about the effects of exercise on our body

Siti: Hey! Why are you wearing your sports wear?

Edo: I am going for exercise

Siti: why? I have never seen your exercising before

Edo: …

Siti: …

Edo: …

Siti: …

  1. Write a cause and effect conversation on forest fires in Sumatra

A: …

B: …

A: …

B: …

A: …

B: …

A: …

B: …

Active conversation: With a partner, think of 2 endangered animals in Indonesia. Why are the animals becoming endangered and how can it be prevented? Write a conversation about it and after that, do a role-play of the conversation you have created. Remember to use cause and effect signal words.

Choose of the topics given below and create a dialogue

  1. Causes and effects of flooding in Jakarta
  2. Causes and effects of corruption
  3. Causes and effects of bullying on teenagers

(Sumber: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan RI 2017 Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI  SMK/SMA/MAK)

Baca juga: Vocabulary Exercise, Builder and Pronunciation Practice