Pengertian, macam-macam dan contoh pronoun – pronoun adalah subjective, objective, possessive adjective, dan possessive. Dan juga sebuah kata yang diambil dari sebuah kata benda.

In self introduction and also in other communication activities, pronouns are frequently used to prevent unimportant repetition. Pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun, such as: I, you, me, it, they, we, she, him, us.

Read the following sentences:

Alia wants to have many pen pals because Alia likes making friends. Alia’s pen pals come from many parts of the world. Caroline introduces Alia to Hannah. Now, Hannah becomes Alia’s pen pals. Hannah likes Alia a lot.

Task 2:

The word Alia is repeated too often and that makes the sentences not interesting. To make the sentences better we can replace Alia with pronouns:plete the sentences with be (am, is, are, was, were). Remember to use the correct forms.

Alia wants to have many pen pals because she likes making friends. Her pen pals come from  many parts of the world. Caroline introduces her to Hannah. Now Hannah becomes Alia’s pen pals. Hannah likes her a lot.

There are several types of pronouns: subjective, objective, possessive

adjectives, and possessive pronouns. Read the following table and the following explanation.

pengertian, tipe-tipe dan contoh kalimat pronouns

Tabel Pronouns (pict: Buku Bahasa Inggris Edisi Revisi 2017 Kemendikbud)

Subjective pronouns are the subjects of a sentence:

I You He She

It We They

Read the following sentences. Pay attention to the underlined words

as examples of subjective pronouns.

  1. I have three dogs.
  2. You like to have many pen pals.
  3. He studies in an elementary school.
  4. She will get married.
  5. We love Indonesia
  6. They need attention
  7. It barks when it is happy.

Objective pronouns are the objects of a sentence:

me him her it

us them you

Read the following sentences. Pay attention to the underlined words

as examples of objective pronouns.

  1. I know Caroline. She introduced me to you via e-mail.
  2. My brother is an elementary school student. Sometimes I accompany him to go to school.
  3. My sister is a good student. Her campus gave her scholarship.
  4. We love animals. Last week our neighbour gave us a funny kitten.
  5. They run the family business seriously. Customers like them very much.
  6. The fur of the cat is soft. We like to stroke it.

Possessive adjectives are words that indicate possession. Possessive adjectives are used with nouns.

pengertian, tipe-tipe dan contoh kalimat pronouns

Possessive adjective (pict: Buku Bahasa Inggris Edisi Revisi 2017 Kemendikbud)

Read the following sentences. Pay attention to the underlined words

as examples of possessive adjectives. The possessive adjectives modify the nouns to show possession. The words in italics are the noun.

  1. I have a pen pal. My pen pal is very kind.
  2. You have three dogs. Your dogs need a lot of attention.
  3. He studies in an elementary school. His school is not far.
  4. She loves reading books. Her books are in that cupboard.
  5. We run the business together. Our business is good.
  6. They frequently come here. This park is their favorite place.
  7. The kitten is funny. Its tail moves fast when it’s happy.
  8. Possessive pronouns also show possession but possessive pronouns are not followed by nouns.

Read the following sentences. Pay attention to the underlined words

mine yours his

her ours their

as examples of possessive pronouns.

  1. This is my book. This book is mine.
  2. These are your dog. These dogs are yours.
  3. His school is far from here. His is far.
  4. Her book is interesting. Hers is interesting.
  5. Their family business is good. Theirs is good.
  6. Our plan has many alternatives. Ours has many alternatives. (Sumber: Bahasa Inggris SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas X, Kementerian Pendidikan dan kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, Kurikulum 2013 Edisi revisi 2017. 2017)

Baca juga: Prefixes dan Suffixes Beserta Contoh Kalimatnya

Sebagai bahan tambahan literatur tentang pronoun yang bisa kita pelajari. check this out!