Pengertian, Rumus dan Soal Passive Voice – Pengertian, kalimat pembedaan active dan passive voice, serta latihan soal dari materi ini.

Baca juga: The meaning and Example of Nouns and Adjectives 

Pembelajaran Bahasa inggris kali ini kita akan membahas tentang passive voice. Sebelum Panjang lebar menjelaskan passive voice, terlebih dahulu kita ketahui definisi materi ini. Didalam materi passisve voice ada 2 tipe voice. Yang pertama active voice dan passive voice. Kalimat active ialah bentuk kalimat yang terstruktur urutannya dan jelas rumusnya. Kalau dalam kalimat Bahasa Indonesianya begini: saya makan nasi goreng setiap hari ( I eat fried rice every day). Passive voice ialah mengidentifikasi dari kalimat active untuk dirubahnya ke passive. Contoh kalimat diatas saya akan rubah kedalam passive-nya: nasi goreng dimakan oleh saya (fried rice is eaten by me). Nah, dibawah ini sedikit pemaparan tentang passive voice sebagai penambah khazanah pengetahuan kita tentang Bahasa inggris. Berikut dilampirkan contoh latihan dan sedikit video dalam menjelaskan materi passive voice ini atau kalimat pasif di channel youtube.

Task 1: Read the following sentences. Observe the italicized verbs. Look how the “to be” changes the verb.

  1. I am particularly suited to this position.
  2. I can also be reached by email.
  3. The application letter is written by William Smith.
  4. The programmer position is advertised in the Times Union.
  5. Three references are enclosed in the application letter.
  6. The application letter was sent three days ago.
  7. Several positions were offered in yesterday’s local newspaper.

Did you notice that in all the sentences you found be (am, is, are, was, or were) and past participles (V-3)? Those sentences are called passive sentences. Study the following examples to see how passive sentences are formed from active ones.

Active Voice

  • She cleans the room every day.
  • He is cleaning the rooms right now.
  • She cleaned the room yesterday afternoon.
  • The cleaning service was cleaning the rooms at 12.00 yesterday.
  • She has cleaned the room.
  • He has cleaned the rooms.
  • They will clean the rooms.
  • Mary helps her son
  • People see peace in family as essential for spiritual growth
  • Muslims perform prayers at least five times a day

Passive Voice

  • The room is cleaned every day.
  • The rooms are being cleaned right now.
  • The room was cleaned yesterday afternoon.
  • He couldn’t check in at 12.00 noon yesterday because the rooms were being cleaned.
  • The room has been cleaned.
  • The rooms have been cleaned.
  • The rooms will be cleaned.
  • The son is helped by Mary
  • Peace in family is seen as essential for spiritual growth
  • Prayers are performed by Muslims at least five times a day

Task 2: Do the exercise. Change the following active sentences into passive

  1. He manages the local branch of a national shoe retailer.
  2. The company has advertised the job opportunity in the national newspaper.
  3. He developed time management tools for staff.
  4. She will enclose her resume in the application letter.
  5. Linda is writing an application letter for the position as a secretary.

Sekian dari pembelajaran Bahasa inggris passive voice ini. Semoga bisa menjadi bahan sebagai latihan penambah kosakata, atau kalimatnya. Saya akhiri, see yaa!!!

Sumber:

  • Bahasa Inggris SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas X, Kementerian Pendidikan dan kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, Kurikulum 2013 Edisi revisi 2017. 2017
  • Bahasa Inggris SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas XII, Kementerian Pendidikan dan kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, Kurikulum 2013 Edisi revisi 2018. 2018
  • Belajaringgris.net