Penggunaan Conjunction Because dan Because of – Because adalah conjunction (kata sambung) yang berarti karena/sebab. ia gunakan untuk menjelaskan alasan terjadinya sesuatu atau tidak terjadinya sesuatu, ada atau tidak adanya sesuatu, dan seterusnya.

Contoh 1

  • We decided to stay at home because the weather was bad
  • She was absent from class because her cold was worse

Kata sambung ini digunakan sebelum satuan subject + verb yang dijadikan alasan ada atau tidak adanya sesuatu. jadi, …. because the weather was bad sama artinya dengan …. for the reason that the weather was bad (…. dengan alasan bahwa cuaca buruk). dalam konteks ini, hindarilah penggunaan because of!

Contoh 2

  • We decided to stay at home because of the weather
  • She was absent from class because of her cold

*Because of berarti disebabkan atau dengan alasan yang fungsinya sama dengan because. namun, berbeda dengan because, because of digunakan sebelum nomina bukan sebelum subject + verb-nya. jadi, …. because of the weather sama dengan …. by reason of the weather (…… alasan/karena cuaca). dalam hal ini, cuaca tersebut mungkin berbadai atau hujan. hindarilah penggunaan because sebelum nomina! (Baca juga: 34 Contoh Kata Preposition yang Perlu Diketahui)

Examples

Incorrect:

  1. We couldn’t play badminton because raining
  2. Classes will be canceled tomorrow because a national holiday
  3. It is difficult to compute how much does an item cost in dollars because of we are accustomed to calculating in our monetary system
  4. Trained athletes have slower heart rates because of their hearts can pump more blood with every beat.
  5. Because of English is very important to face the global era, it is suggested that we study it seriously

Correct:

  1. We couldn’t play badminton because of raining (We couldn’t play badminton because it was raining)
  2. Classes will be canceled tomorrow because it is a national holiday (Classes will be canceled tomorrow because of a national holiday)
  3. It is difficult to compute how much does an item cost in dollars because we are accustomed to calculating in our monetary system
  4. Trained athletes have slower heart rates because their hearts can pump more blood with every beat.
  5. Because English is very important to face the global era, it is suggested that we study it seriously

Exercise

Re-arrange these words or phrases. Use because or because of suitable to the sentences.

  1. are very/he has/a scholarship/been awarded/Ali’s parents happy
  2. tomorrow/holiday/canceled/classes will be/a national/it is
  3. the car/the price/he didn’t/buy
  4. difficult to/it was/see the road/the rain/clearly
  5. was late/were worried/we/Fatimah
  6. the traffic/was late/probably she
  7. he studied hard/the exam/he passed
  8. didn’t pass/his friend, Kaslan/laziness/the exam/his
  9. your death?/from work/absent/were you
  10. my cough/I was absent/was/getting worse/yes,

Sumber: Muhibbin Syah. Cara Mudah Menerapkan English Grammar Kaidah & Latihan untuk Rujukan Belajar Sendiri. 2006. PT Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta