Penggunaan Need untuk Perbaikan dan Peningkatan – kata need pada dasarnya merupakan verba beraturan need-needed-needed yang biasanya muncul bersama to + infinitive seperti I badly needed to talk to you about the problem (saya benar-benar perlu bicara dengan anda mengenai masalah itu).

1.

  • this research report needs revising
  • this research report needs to be revised

2.

  • the old mosque really needs painting / to be painted
  • the new house doesn’t need painting/to be painted

selain itu, need juga berfungsi sebagai modalitas yang sudah amat jarang digunakan dan bentuk negatifnya needn’t (need not). namun, untuk menyatakan keperluan perbaikan atau peningkatan sesuatu, verba need lazim digunakan dengan ketentuan yang agak berbeda. kata ini dapat digunakan dengan -ing seperti revising (perbaikan) atau dengan verba pasif yakni to be + participle seperti to be revised (diperbaiki).

Baca juga: Penggunaan Participle Pada English Grammar

kata need searti dengan kata require, yakni membutuhkan yang dalam hal ini berkonotasi bergantung pada sesuatu untuk mencapai derajat yang lebih baik/lebih tinggi. bentuk negatif kata tersebut lazimnya not need bukan need not (disingkat needn’t). selanjutnya, hindarilah penggunaan infinitive setelah need (seperti… need to revise) selain itu, penggunaan -ing setelah need to be (seperti … needs to be revising) juga hendaknya kita hindari. perhatikanlah contoh 1 dan 2 diatas!

Examples

Incorrect:

  1. our van needs to fix
  2. the old mosque needs painted
  3. its clock needs to repair, but we plan to buy a new one
  4. its rug need not cleaned for it is still new
  5. the hem of this dress needs to be mending before i wear it again

Correct:

  1. our van needs to fixing. or our van needs to be fixed
  2. the old mosque needs to be painted. or the old mosque needs painting
  3. its clock needs repairing, but we plan to buy a new one. or its clock needs to be repaired, but we plan to buy a new one
  4. its rug doesn’t need not be cleaned for it is still new. or its rug doesn’t need cleaning for it is still new
  5. the hem of this dress needs to be mended before i wear it again. or the hem of this dress needs mending before i wear it again

Exercise 03

complete the sentences on the left-hand side by using words or phrases available on the right-hand side. insert a, b, c, etc. suitable to the sentences.

  1. … need fixing?
  2. no, it doesn’t need to…
  3. my car needs…painted
  4. do these roses….?
  5. yes, they really …. watered every morning
  6. a naughty boy….
  7. a good boy …. handled toughly
  8. do orphans need ….?
  9. they need to be ….
  10. they also need to be … sincerely

a. love

b. looking after

c. doesn’t need to be

d. need to be

e. loved

f. needs to be

g. does your car

h. looked after tactfully

i. need watering

j. to be

k. to be fixed

l. needs tactful handling

Sumber: Muhibbin Syah. Cara Mudah Menerapkan English Grammar Kaidah & Latihan untuk Rujukan Belajar Sendiri. 2006. PT Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta