Penggunaan Verb dengan to dan –ing – verb memerlukan verba infinitive seperti to study sebagai complement atau kata pelengkap.

1.

  • I had decided to study hard before I sat for my final exam
  • I had promised to study hard before I sat for my final exam
  • I had planned to study hard before I sat for my final exam

verba atau kata kerja seperti promise (berjanji), plan (berencana), dan decide (berketetapan/memutuskan) memerlukan verba infinitive seperti to study sebagai complement atau kata pelengkap. selain tiy, masih banyak verba yang juga memerlukan complement berbentuk infinitive antara lain: agree, expect, fail, forbid, hope, intend, learn, refuse, tend, appear, arrange, consent, demand, deserve, forget, hestitae, manage, mean, need, offer, prepare, pretend, threaten and want. perlu dicatat bahwa complement adalah pelengkap yang mengikuti verba dan menerangkan subjek atau objek.

Baca juga: English Conversation About How To Build a House

hindarilah penggunaan -ing form sesudah verba-verba di atas! disamping itu, kecenderungan penggunaan kalimat yang seperti I want drink some water perlu dihindari juga. sebagai gantinya kita dapat menggunakan kalimat I want to drink some water atau I want some water.

2.

  • He enjoys studying english with a native speaker
  • they avoid studying english with a native speaker

verba-verba seperti enjoy (menyenangi/senang akan) dan risk (memberanikan diri) membutuhkan -ing yakni kata benda yang berasal dari kata kerja berbentuk gerund, bukan infinitive, sebagai complement. selanjutnya, verba-verba yang juga lazim memerlukan -ing form adalah: admit, appreciate, consider, deny, finish, forbid, practice, quit, regret, delay, discuss, keep, mention, miss, postpone, recall, recommend, risk, suggest, dan stop. khusus kata forbid (melarang) dapat digunakan baik dengan infinitive maupun dengan -ing form. hindarilah penggunaan infinitive sesudah verba-verba di atas, kecuali forbid!

3.

  • She objects to studying abroad unless her english is excellent as soon as they finish their english course
  • they look forward to studying abroad unless her english is excellent as soon as they finish their english course

frasa-frasa verba seperti look forward to (mengharap dengan sukacita), object to (berkeberatan), adjust to (menyesuaikan dengan), be accustomed to (biasa/terbiasa), dan be interested in (tertarik akan), semuanya memerlukan -ing bukan infinitive (to…) sebagai complement. jadi, kecenderungan menggunakan kalimat yang keliru seperti he’s looking forward to meet her atau her objects to meet her again harus kita hindari, karena setelah kedua frasa verba tersebut tidak boleh menggunakan meet tetapi meeting. perhatikanlah contoh 3 diatas! frasa-frasa verba lainnya yang juga memerlukan -ing form (gerund) adalah: approve of, be better off, can’t help, count on, do not mind, forget about, get through, insist on, keep on, think about, dan think of.

examples

incorrect:

  1. reny did not want speak with her ex-husband
  2. she had refused meeting him day before yesterday
  3. she is considering not to go out with him any more
  4. she does not mind to go out with any man she likes
  5. however, her parents planned remarrying her off to her ex-husband

correct:

  1. rany did not want to speak with her ex-husband
  2. she had refused to meet him day before yesterday
  3. she is considering not going out with him any more
  4. she does not mind going out with any man she likes
  5. however, her parents planned to remarry her off to her ex-husband

exercise 01

complete the sentences on the left-hand side by using words of phrases available on the right-hand side. insert a, b, c, etc. suitable to the sentences.

  1. …to do after finishing your course?
  2. I consider … I pass my exams
  3. … going abroad?
  4. … overseas unless my english is very good
  5. … finish his assignment soon?
  6. I don’t know, but he promised…
  7. … to come and see his lecturer
  8. … his late homework
  9. will his lecturer object to…
  10. I hope accepting his assignment

a. what do you intend

b. accepting his assignment?

c. lecturer

d. he agreed

e. studying overseas as soon as

f. abroad?

g. he will risk submitting

h. did he plan to

i. to submit it this morning

j. yes, but I can’t enjoy being

k. do you look forward to

l. he will not object to

Sumber: Muhibbin Syah. Cara Mudah Menerapkan English Grammar Kaidah & Latihan untuk Rujukan Belajar Sendiri. 2006. PT Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta