Penggunaan Verba untuk Kalimat Subjunctive (Ask, prefer, suggest, etc.) – Kalimat di bawah ini disebut subjunctive yakni semacam bentuk pengandaian yang mengekspresikan harapan, permintaan dan saran yang menggunakan bentuk dasar verba dan be.

  • Mr. Sharif asks/asked that his children be honest
  • Mr. Sharif prefers/preferred that his children not be lazy
  • Mr. Sharif insist/instead that his children study hard

subjunctive seperti contoh diatas pada umumnya bermaksud mengharapkan terjadinya sesuatu di masa yang akan datang. verba-verba lain yang juga lazim dipakai subjunctive adalah demand, desire, propose, recommend, require, dan suggest. hindarilah penggunaan am, are, was, dan were setelah kata that! hindarilah pula penggunaan verba diluar bentuk dasarnya! jadi, untuk menyatakan saran atau usulan seperti saya sarankan agar dia datang lebih awal, yang betul adalaj I suggested that she come earlier, bukan I suggested that she comes/came earlier.

  • The recommendation that we be evaluated was approved
  • The requirement that we be evaluated was approved
  • The suggestion that we be evaluated was approved

kalimat subjunctive seperti contoh 2 diatas bersifat lebih formal dan lebih sering ditulis daripada diucapkan. maksudnya rekomendasi/persyaratan/saran yang kami evaluasi itu telah disetujui. kecenderungan menggunakan be di luar bentuk dasarnya (seperti am, is, was, dan were), juga kecenderungan menggunakan modal (seperti: have, may, must, will, dan sebagainya) sebelum be tersebut, harus dielakkan.

Examples

Incorrect:

  1. all doctors usually suggest that we will not smoke
  2. they also recommend that we must eat nutritrious food
  3. the professor strongly suggested that his students studied statistics
  4. he also instead that they are good at english before studyng in the US or UK
  5. ahmad complied with the requirement that all muslims prayed five times a day

Correct:

  1. all doctors usually suggest that we not smoke
  2. they also recommend that we eat nutritrious food
  3. the professor strongly suggested that his students study statistics
  4. he also insisted that they begood at english before studyng in the US or UK
  5. ahmad complied with the requirement that all muslims pray five times a day

Exercise

correct these following sentences

  1. when we have a bad cough, a doctor usually insists that we will not smoke
  2. the recommendation that he was assessed was accepted
  3. the political organization proposed that he was elected president
  4. the candidate asked that representative did not elect him vice president
  5. all of us aways insist that every judge is both honest and fair
  6. the foreign studnet adviser recommended that he studied more english
  7. the american rule requires that everyone has his car checked at least once a year
  8. jame insisted that he didn’t leave her alone
  9. however, john seriously suggested that she married to another man
  10. most parents prefer that their daughters getting married as soon as they complete their tertiary education

Sumber: Muhibbin Syah. Cara Mudah Menerapkan English Grammar Kaidah & Latihan untuk Rujukan Belajar Sendiri. 2006. PT Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta

Baca juga: Pernyataan yang Berlawanan dengan Kenyataan (If…were….)